management as an art, science and profession

Management can be understood from various perspectives, and there are a lot of ways to define Management. Specific characteristics of Management signify that Management is a form of science, art, and profession in some cases.

Management as an art

To understand Management as an art form, we should first understand the meaning of art. Art is defined as the ability to use information and skills to get the desired results. Artists have the ability to come up with unique solutions and art forms for complicated problems.

let’s analyze critical factors that are common in Management and Art:

Prior theoretical knowledge:

Every art form and artist use predefined expertise and data to build upon their ideas. Theories in public speaking, acting school basics for actors, knowledge of tones in music, etc. are all examples of theoretical knowledge which is used in specific art forms. Similarly, in Management, professionals are given workflows and blueprints to analyze, test and execute business ideas.

Involves a lot of creativity:

Every art form is heavily dependent on creativity. Creative thinking produces beautiful art and is unique to the best artists. Similarly, in Management, innovative solutions have given birth to amazing companies and benchmark management principles that are used worldwide.

Personalized approach:

Every artist has its own view of building forms of art. For example, every musician has its own style; every painter prefers a specific niche, etc. Similarly, in Management, every professional has its own way of approaching problems and suggesting solutions.

Management as a science

Management as a science, it has systematized body of knowledge, concept and principles. Management deals different problems and issues by using quantitative models and decision-making techniques and issues by using quantitative models and decision-making techniques to arrive at right decisions.
  • All the managerial knowledge and practices are developed through various observations and experiments which are researched and experiment based.
  • Management is not a pure science but a social science.
  • Management is systematic body of knowledge with theories, concepts, principles, experiments and functions which are systematically and logically analyzed.
let’s discuss common factors between Management and Science:

Systematic structure:

Subjects of science like Chemistry and Physics have defined systematic principles and divisions. Each subsection has another set of principles that help you experiment with new things in a particular domain. Similarly, Management has a systematic structure of divisions and principles. Every principle can be used as a reference while experimenting with new things.


Concepts and principles of science are predefined and are always experimented with trial and error to justify them and bring new inventions. Similarly, concepts in Management are often tested to improve business practices.

Universal validity:

The concepts and basic principles of Management have universal validity. For example, the principles used in finance management are similar in every company, and the rules are valid universally. These sets of principles do not change with situations and applications.

Management as a Profession

In general sense, profession means occupation. Occupation is rendering service. Similarly, management is a distinct profession backed up by specialization.
As a professional activity all management efficient people should have academic qualification and personal qualification from anybody. Here profession is not only an occupation of specialized skill but these skills should be applicable in large scale and interest of society as a whole.
  • Professional managers must be joined in an association that follow rules and regulation according to the objectives set.
  • Management is a separate discipline which includes research, observations and practice.
  • Management requires formal education and training with updates of professionalism.
let’s discuss significant familiar factors between Management and Profession:

Code of conduct and associations:

Management, like any other profession, contains a code of conduct and ethics that every manager has to abide by. The presence of various management associations is there, which regulates and certifies managers for specific skills.

Formal Education and systems:

Like any profession, Management contains formal levels of education and building systems to reach desired positions. To join the Management of large corporations, students join and excel in degrees like BBA, MBA, etc.

Restricted entry:

Entry to any management role is possible only for candidates with certain set entry criteria. These criteria include educational qualifications, experience, efficiency, knowledge of specific software, etc.
Management art


You must have understood the standard features of Management, art, science, and profession. You might read about Management belonging to one of the three categories. But as we can identify, Management is a mixture of all three types.

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